Posts Tagged ‘acne’
Acne is very common skin condition, and the most important thing you should do in order to treat it is to find out what causes acne. There are few theories about what is the main cause of this skin disorder. Also, there are different myths that you should know to avoid useless or even dangerous actions that you can perform in order to get rid of acne.
What is Acne and How is it Look Like?
Acne is a pilosebaceous unit disorder. Pilosebaceous unit is an epidermal invagination found on most surfaces of the human body. Pilosebaceous unit consists of the sebaceous gland, hair follicle and sebaceous duct.
Acne can appear in different forms.
- Blackheads – noticeably visible black spots that usually appear on the face, chest and upper back. Blackheads are open comedones. There’s a myth that blackhead are caused by dirt. It’s not the truth. I will describe how blackheads appear later.
- Whiteheads are also clearly visible spots. But they are white, because they are closed comedones. It means that the material that is inside of whitehead is blocked, and air cannot reach it and oxidize it.
- Papules are small visible radish bumps that appear on the skin. They don’t have head like blackheads or whiteheads. Papules are inflamed comedos.
- Pustules appear when white blood cells that attack P. acnes bacterias pile up in blocked pore. This causes inflammation and pus production.
- Nodules are large bumps that appear on the skin surface. It is a severe form of acne. Nodules are deep and painful.
- Cysts are another form of acne. Cysts are deep and painful formation that are caused by deep inflammation. It appears when bacterias break walls of pore and leak into nearby areas.
How Does Acne Develop?
Acne develops when enlarged oil glands in the skin produce excess of oil, and hair follicles become blocked. It triggers growth of Propionibacterium acnes. These bacterias produce chemicals and enzymes. Our immune system sends white blood cells to eliminate these bacterias, and they cause inflammation.
Obviously, acne begins from overproduction of oil in hair follicles and pores, and where are three main causes of acne:
- Oil overproduction in enlarged oil glands in hair follicles.
- Hair follicles blockage.
- Propionibacterium acnes growth within the hair follicles.
What Causes Acne
Now we will discover all common causes of acne that you can find in books, magazines and on Internet websites.
Nobody is completely sure what causes acne. Doctors say that acne is caused by a complex set of factors. Everyone has a different type of skin, health conditions and environment. That is why factors may be different for every individual.
Hormones are the main cause of acne in teenagers. Hormones increase during puberty. High hormonal level cause overproduction of sebum in sebaceous glands. Also, hormonal balance changes cause different forms of acne during periods, pregnancy and menopause.
As we know, when bacterias Propionibacterium Acnes grow within the hair follicles, they attract white blood cells. Immune system attacks bacterias. It causes inflammation and formation of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples and other forms of acne. Everyone has P. acnes, and it’s OK to have them. They become dangerous only when pores are blocked and excess of sebum triggers hyperactivity of bacterias.
Overly Active Sebaceous Glands
Usually it is a consequence of increase in hormone levels. Also, sebaceous glands can become extremely active because of food allergies, toxins and diet.
Many dermatologists and dietologists believe that diet cannot be a direct cause of acne. Junk food consumption, dairy products, sugar, alcohol can cause hormone levels changing or food allergies.
Genetics determines many characteristics of our body and health. If your parents suffered form acne, there’s a big chance you have acne too. You cannot fix it, but you can adjust your habits and activity to your characteristics. If genetics determine overproduction of oil, you should control other factors that can cause even more oil and sebum in pores.
Cosmetically Related Acne
Sometimes people use cosmetics that don’t fit their type of skin or skin conditions. Applying wrong or low quality cosmetics can cause oil overproduction, especially if you over-dry your skin, or pore blockage. Both consequence lead to acne.
Food allergies can cause hormone balance changing that leads to excess of oil in skin pores. All you need to trigger acne is clogged pores.
Another skin problems
If you have another skin problems, it may be a factor that can help acne to occupy your body. Most of skin problems can be solved by applying home remedies or by dermatologist.
Stress, Lack of Sleep
Stress, depression, anxiety do not cause acne themselves. So why many authority sources of information about skin deceases insist that stress is one of the factors that can lead to problems? What causes acne? Stress, lack of sleep, depression can cause changes in hormone levels. You know that it means.
In this article, we discovered what is acne and how it looks like, how it develops and what forms of acne exist. And the most important part – we discovered what causes acne and why some factors are more important than others.
Acne can be quite a depressing sight and it is important that you get rid of these irritating outbursts. There are many treatments that can be resorted to for getting rid of acne. The application of ointment along with medicine helps in treating these. There are also some simple home remedies for acne that have absolutely no side effects. The prescription medicines are a bit expensive and we are not quite sure about how effective they would be. But with home remedies, there is no cause for worry. Some of these are time tested as well.
Simple and time tested tips
Proper hygiene and cleanliness are very important if you want to avoid getting acne. When the pores of your skin accumulate dirt and dust and mix with bacteria, it results in acne outbursts. The sebaceous glands produce oil and mix with the dirt and accumulate on the skin. This leads to dead skin cells. Hence, it is advised to wash your face with plain water at least three to four times a day. If the acne outbursts are really severe, you could use a disinfectant to wash your face.
Tea tree oil, honey, witch hazel, aloe Vera are effective home remedies. The oil of tea tree is anti fungal and antibacterial and is very effective in treating acne. You can purchase it from the local supermarket and apply it on the affected area. Honey is quite soothing and make sure to purchase natural honey. The honey that is available nowadays contains artificial preservatives; hence you need to double check the ingredients before purchasing them. It helps reduce scars and acne marks.
Chronic acne can be treated with witch hazel and many herbal doctors recommend this for such severe cases of acne. Aloe Vera helps in treating damaged skin and helps to reduce scarring and pain. It also has polysaccharides that are effective in treating acne
Other home remedies
Toothpastes may also be applied on pimples and these are effective for treating acne. Apply them at night and wash them in the morning. It shows immediate results. Even making simple lifestyle changes and following a simple vegetarian diet rich in fruits and vegetables can help fight acne and help reduce them considerably. Preferably select foods that contain a lot of fiber. Check out for diets that have a rich source of antioxidants as it could help wash away the grease and get rid of oily skin. Also, when the body has better immunity, it helps in fighting acne and pimples and ensures that there are no outbursts of acne or zit.
Teens getting affected with acne
It is during the teenage that acne starts appearing; however, not many teens have to fight the battle of acne. By the time, the old one heals, the new ones take form. Make sure to improve skin care so that the face remains acne free. Acne is a particular skin disorder that happens due to excess production of oil in the sebaceous glands. Hormonal changes also may be one of the reasons for these outbursts. Acne generally leaves scars on the face and it would take time to cure, hence make sure that you do not touch them with your hands. Deep scars can be treated by a dermatologist, but if the scars are not all that deep, even simple home remedies can be really effectual. Learn how to get rid of acne scars and how to choose right acne scar treatment.
Over the shelf – Things available in the kitchen for Acne
Sandalwood paste mixed with rose water may be applied and left to dry the whole night. Next morning wash it with plain water and you would observe the scars disappear over time. Try making a paste of banana and curd and apply on the scars, within few months, the scars would lighten and slowly disappear. Turmeric is also an effective disinfectant and has anti fungal properties. Mix turmeric alongwith a little milk and apply on the scars. The acne is sure to disappear within a few weeks and you would have an unblemished face. It has medicinal properties and hence used in skin treatments.
A healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole nuts and pulses helps in treating acne. You need to keep your skin well hydrated so that the skin breathes. The skin is the biggest organ of our body and hence you need to ensure that it receives a lot of water and moisture. Keep applying ice on your skin so that the pores tighten. When the pores remain open, there is greater chance for dirt and dust to enter the skin. Lime juice can be applied on the acne to reduce the scars. Egg whites and olive oil are wonderful for the skin.
Tomato slices rubbed on the acne can help reduce scarring and it also lends a glow to your skin. However, one needs to bear in mind that only for mild acne, home remedies are effective. But if the condition is severe, it is advised to meet up with the dermatologist or skin specialist who would be able to give you the right advice. When it comes to skin, there can be no compromise. A good and radiant skin automatically boosts your personality and hence care should be given to the skin.
Things that aggravate acne
Women who are on birth control pills may have a tendency to attract acne if they already have a bout of acne. You could always check with the gynecologist and tell them about your acne problem and if possible you would be put on some alternative course of medication.
Do not switch treatments, if you are on a particular treatment, stick to it so that you know the effectiveness of a particular medication or treatment completely, before trying out any other course of medication. Do not mix and match home remedies as it may show on your skin.
If you want to avoid acne, other tips like refraining from going out in the scorching sun, wear sun glasses, avoid oily and seafood. Make sure to include foods that are rich in antioxidants, complete with all nutrients and minerals.